Pollution is everywhere – in our air, water and land – and stems from various sources. Land pollution specifically is caused by the dumping of waste and garbage and the introduction of toxins into the environment. Acid rain, the spreading of water pollution to surrounding beaches and riverbanks, litter and even new construction sites can all be sources of land pollution.
Some of the effects that land pollution leaves behind are obvious ones, such as gross piles of garbage, landfills and loss of environments surrounding new construction. Others aren’t quite in your face and have even worse effects on our environment. For example, one of the biggest threats to the eco-system caused by land pollution is chemical contamination. This includes plastics and toxins in wastes like anti-freeze and other chemicals that seep into the ground where they settle. In addition, modern-day chemicals and materials either aren’t biodegradable or break down, or if they do, they break down into smaller chemical particles, which end up poisoning the ground. These chemicals affect the plants in the ground, the animals eating them, and even humans. This can lead to the loss of some types of plant and animal life as well as create long-term health problems such as cancer in humans.
What can we do to help reverse land pollution and preserve our environment for future generations? First, we need to move toward a greener society, shift our thinking and adopt environmentally friendly measures. That means recycling and reusing items such as clothing, bottles, wrapping paper and shopping bags over and over again, rather than buying new things. It also means buying products with minimal packaging, purchasing organic food, eliminating the use of plastic products, reducing general household waste and establishing a composting system stations, and using biodegradable household products.
We also have to ask corporations to do more and find solutions and alternatives to their practices. This involves leveraging alternatives for the application of herbicides and use of pesticides and insecticides, which contaminate our soil. It also means finding solutions to inappropriate disposal of garbage and urban over-development. Other practices that need to stop in order to curb land pollution is the dangerous disposal of harmful toxic wastes, including the careless dumping of waste oil from cars and potentially dangerous dumping of radioactive by-products from nuclear energy plants.
Our land is our home passed down from one generation to the next. But it’s in jeopardy from contamination due to excessive dumping and reuse. We need to do all we can to reverse this trend.